Cakes are sweet confections which are mostly baked. Known popularly as a celebratory dish, cakes are customized according to occasions in terms of flavours and designs. The history of cakes traces back to when the ancient Egyptians started baking, from which the idea of cakes evolved. Cakes were a part of ancient Greek culture but the original form of cakes was later evolved from modifications of bread in England. although cakes are made in many shapes and patterns today, traditionally, cakes were round in shape, symbolizing the sun and the moon. New developments and innovative practices in the making of cakes have emerged over centuries. Cakes of innumerable varieties, flavours, sizes and shapes could be made using various recipes. Cakes are also related to other desserts such as pies, pastries, puddings and custards.
The primary ingredients of a cake are flour, sugar, liquids, eggs, butter or oil and leavening agents such as baking soda or baking powder with other ingredients, extracts and flavourings added to elaborate the basic dish, all of which have effects on the finished cake. Cakes are rich in carbohydrates, protein and fats and fruits in cakes are the sources of fibres.
There are different methods of making cakes such as creaming, melting. whisking, rubbing and all in one method. Making of cakes involves the basic sequence of mixing the ingredients, preheating the oven, baking, cooling, removal of parchment lining and if required, frosting and icing. There are different methods of mixing ingredients such as beating, blending, sifting, stirring, kneading etc using different equipment and appliances such as mixing pans, sieves, sifters, whisks, blenders, mixers and spatulas. The decoration of cakes is done to make them visually more appealing or to taste a particular flavour in the form of icing or frosting. In addition, cakes are also adorned with edible decorative elements and sprinkles.